Lumber Crayon - While you’re hiking, it’s not a bad idea to leave a trail of markings along your trek in case a rescue team is out looking for you. These crayons write on wet or dry wood, metal, concrete and most other surfaces.
A bow and arrow is one of the oldest hunting and fighting tools ever used on Earth. Whether you want to recreate a set for a project, or just to own this dynamic hunting tool, here’s an illustrative guide on going about the process.
Tip of the Week
Build a fire. Build a good-sized fire with sufficient coals to stay hot for many hours, and make sure that you have plenty of extra dry wood. Start the fire before you think you need it, even if the weather is warm; fires are easier to make under stressless conditions than in a panic as the sun sets. Having a fire nearby will give you a sense of comfort and safety.
- A good rule of thumb is to gather wood until you think you have enough to last the night, then gather three more piles of the same size, after which you might have enough to get through the night.
You should have access to dry wood in the understory of the forest. You can also use bark or dried dung. If you build a fire that is hot enough, you can also burn green wood, brush, or tree boughs to make a signaling fire that creates a lot of smoke.
- The best wood for maintaining a fire is dead wood that you pull off a standing tree. Regardless of what type of woods you are in, there will certainly be some dry wood available.
- Remember that a small fire is easier to keep burning than a big fire, though, because it requires less fuel. Once you have sufficient embers, keep the fire to a manageable size so you don’t spend too much time looking for fuel.
- Don’t build a fire in an area where it is unsafe to do so. Your fire should be well away from flammable trees and brush, preferably in a clearing. Be careful with your fire. While you want to feed it, you shouldn’t overdo it. Consider the weather and other factors and remember, a forest fire is a lot harder to survive than just being lost!
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Tip of the Week
Don’t panic if you’re lost. Panic is more dangerous than almost anything else, because it interferes with the operation of your single best, most useful and versatile survival tool: your mind. The moment you realize that you are lost, stop and take a deep breath to stay calm. Before you act, follow the tenets of the acronym STOP:
- S = sit down
- T = think
- O = observe your surroundings
- P = prepare for survival by gathering materials
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